The transfer of spin from one charge to the next along a wire, which is current, also causes the charges in the wire to acquire spin in the plane perpendicular to the wire, resulting in a magnetic field. This spin, and the resulting magnetic fields of the charges, has the same orientation for all the charges along the wire because these fields can be thought of as “stacked” sort of like a stack of records on a turntable, or clutch plates, so that if one of the fields rotates, the rest of the fields in the stack are dragged into rotation with the same orientation. Current in the wire causes spin in the perpindicular magnetic planes of the charges because they have a somewhat staggered arrangement with respect to each other along the wire. They assume such a staggered arrangement because this allows charges with like spins, which repel, to distance themselves from each other to a greater extent. This staggered arrangement of charges along the wire allows spin in their magnetic planes to be created by the “bevel and miter” mechanism described above.
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One must wonder how classical models of atoms and molecules with electrons “buzzing” around in regions exterior to the nuclei can fit with the model presented in this theory of matter and the particles that comprise it being simply stable arrangements of electric charges held together by mutual attraction. As heretical as it may be, possibly there is no need for the concept of electrons. A number of phenomena can be satisfactorily explained by the idea that electricity is the spin of charges, and current is transmission of spin. We have seen how current in a wire can be explained as the transmission pf spin from one charge to the next along a chain of charges (the wire). Static electricity can easily be explained by the “rubbing” together of adjacent charges causing acceleration of their spins and thus augmentation of their electric charges. Van der Waals attraction might be explained by the field alignment model of gravity that is presented in the next section of this treatise as simply being gravitational attraction between molecules in very close proximity. While it is beyond the capability of myself or any other single individual to explain all phenomena attributed to electrons in terms of this new theory of matter, there are enough that can be simply explained without the necessity for the concept of electrons that this line of thought and inquiry is worth pursuing by open minds.
The reason why a complete circuit is needed for electric current to flow in a wire is because it is not possible to apply much torque to a chain of spinning charges that is open at the end, because the charges can spin freely; therefore no power can be transmitted.
If an elementary electric charge with one spin orientation is viewed as an electron, and one with the opposite spin orientation as a positron, the the observed effect of annihilation or disappearance when an electron contacts a positron, with release of electromagnetic radiation can be explained. If a charge with a “positive” spin orientation approaches another with a “negative” spin orientation to within a distance equal to the distance separating the charges at the vertices of the lattice, one would expect that in search of stability, the two charges in search of stability, would become incorporated into the lattice. The charges would effectively “disappear”, and it is to be expected that their incorporation into the lattice would cause a slight displacement or “vibration” in the lattice, which would be detected as electromagnetic radiation.
Observations of one particle affecting the spin of another at a great distance with the effect being immediate, can easily be explained mechanically without resorting to “spooky” explanations. If the extent of the fields of electric charges is infinite, this means that the fields of all charges in the universe are in direct mechanical contact with the fields of all other charges in the universe, although their ability to influence the spins of each other at a great distance would be very weak due to extremely low density of overlap between the fields. Since there is direct mechanical contact between the fields of the charges, the influence of the spin of one charge on that of another charge is instantaneous – not in any way limited by the speed of light.