**Method and Device for Measurement of Background Rotation**

by

John David Best, 2015

All rights reserved

**Introduction**

This paper describes a method and a device for determining the background angular velocity that must be added to or subtracted from a measured or nominal angular velocity, in order to satisfy the mathematical relation between angular velocity, and the centripetal force it generates. This method and device can be used to determine a true angular velocity anywhere in the universe, without the need for any visible external reference point or direction. It can be used to accurately predict what centripetal force will be generated by any rotation, anywhere. An important potential application of this method is as a means for guidance and navigation.

**Theory**

This is the first practical method and device that is explicitly based on the Universal Lattice theory. It assumes that the mathematical relationship between centripetal force and angular velocity, **Fc = mRω ^{2}** , holds true anywhere in the universe. For this to be the case, the reference direction which serves as a reference from which to measure angular velocity must be rotationally static or stationary, when compared to the reference direction of any other rotation in the universe. Otherwise, rotations with the same measured angular velocity would produce differing amounts of centripetal force. There must be something holding the reference directions of rotations, even far across the universe from each other, so that they are rotationally stationary or fixed relative to each other. According to the POTU universal lattice theory, this “something” is a cubic lattice with elementary electric charges of alternating polarities at its vertices. This background lattice is universal in extent, and provides the fixed reference directions that are required by the relationship between angular velocity and centripetal force.

**Method**

The relationship between angular velocity and centripetal force, can be used to measure the background rotation about any axis of rotation, with background rotation being any angular velocity that a reference direction used to measure angular velocity may have about the same axis as the rotation being measured. This determination of the background rotation can be accomplished by first, measuring the centripetal force produced produced in a member being rotated by a motor with a constant precise angular velocity (rpm) relative to its base. This force measurement is then compared with centripetal force calculated using the rated speed of the motor. The difference between the calculated value, and the measured value of the centripetal force, is due to background rotation. This centripetal force due to the background rotation can be plugged into the formula relating centripetal force to angular velocity,

**Fc = mRω ^{2}** , to calculate the background angular velocity. An even simpler method is employed by the device described below:

**Device**

The major parts of the device are:

* Variable speed motor which drives a turntable mounted on its shaft

* Fixed speed motor with a constant precise angular velocity (rpm) relative to its base

* Rotating arm or member mounted at its center on the fixed speed motor shaft

* Wireless load cell mounted on the rotating member

* Sliding weight mounted on/in the rotating member so that centripetal force generated by the rotation of the member causes it to press on the load cell

**Operation**

The axis of the device is aligned with the axis of the rotation being measured. The fixed rpm motor is started. This will cause the load cell to register centripetal force. Then the variable rpm motor is started, and its rpm is adjusted to find the point where the load cell registers zero force, corresponding to the absence of centripetal force. Now, the difference between the rpm of the fixed motor, and that of the variable speed motor, is the background angular velocity.

**Use for guidance or navigation**

Any path can be defined by a series of distances and rotations. Rotation of the device to change its directional orientation will result in a change in the background angular velocity. This change will be slight, and of short duration, but if the device is made sufficiently sensitive, it can be recorded. The product of the magnitude of this change in the background angular velocity and its duration, is equal to the angle through which the device was rotated. Rotations along a path can be measured by this technique, and distances can be measured by conventional means, in order to record or follow a path, anywhere in the universe, without the need for any visible external reference.